**Author's Names - **

Umesh P Nagarkatte

Joshua Berenbom

- Teacher: Umesh Nagarkatte

**Author's Name - Harry Kamis**

**Introduction **

Calculus is the study of rates of change. The basic ideas of calculus may be found at least as early as the mid-17th century in the work of Pierre Fermat and Rene Descartes, and later in the more extensive developments of Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz. Today the tools of calculus are used in the physical and biological sciences to study space, time, motion, probability, growth, and decay, as well as any type of phenomena that involve change. In the biological sciences a partial list of such phenomena include: muscle contraction, drug sensitivity, growth/decline of animal populations or viruses or bacteria, blood pressure, global warming, neurons, seed dispersal, plant growth, and the propagation of gene frequencies in populations.

For many years calculus was taught principally to students of physics and engineering. That is, of course, still true, but it is a fact that today students in the biosciences and social sciences as well as in many areas of economics and business need to possess some familiarity with the techniques of calculus. The purpose of this book is to provide those students in the biological sciences in particular with the tools necessary to obtain a working understanding of the vocabulary and methods of calculus.

- Teacher: Harry Kamis
- Teacher: Harry Khamis

**Author 's Name-Sivanandan Balakumar**

**Introduction **

The text book, Fundamentals of Intermediate Algebra is written to provide a solid foundation in algebra before taking the college algebra course. Since Intermediate Algebra is usually a general education prerequisite math course, the book is intended to provide a thorough understanding of the algebra skills necessary to go on to the next step of taking a general education mathematics course such as college algebra with relative ease. An attempt is made to provide a simple and precise explanation of the necessary algebraic concepts. A special care is given to the manipulation of fractions which is usually a very difficult task for students. The book contains all the necessary preparatory algebraic materials and the required algebraic materials for students to understand a one semester intermediate algebra course. It is suggested that all 8 chapters, with a possible exception of a few sections in chapter 7, can be completed in a regular 16 week semester. It is the hope of the author that students would find the reading of the concepts and worked examples written, very comprehensible. Students should discuss class exercises with the instructor in class and do the self quizzes at home before starting on the chapter exercises. A chapter test is provided at the end of each chapter and students should take this test after completing a chapter.

- Teacher: Siva Balakumar

- Applied Calculus for Students in the Bio Sciences

- This is highly tested course that make your learning process much easier